Protistátní trestné činy včera a dnes. Sborník z konference



Treason, or crime of unfaithfulness (nota infidelitatis) was considered as the most serious crime in Hungarian legislation and it included several crimes. It is first mentioned in a law enacted by king Matthias in 1462 that lists approximately 20 crimes. In the 1514 Tripartitum lists more than 30 crimes in 18 points which could be subdivided into 6 subgroups: malice against property (meaning the sovereign), treason and rebellion, violence against authorities and officials, heresy, forging of official documents and money, murder and defilement of relatives. Treason was punished by head and property of the perpetrator. Eventual granting of mercy by the ruler was usually related to the capital punishment but not confiscation of property.