XXIV. mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách. Sborník příspěvků



The research focuses on studying climate change awareness and climate-friendly activities among different socioeconomic groups in the city of Košice, Slovakia. Public awareness is a key element when tackling complex issues demanding wide-ranging compliance across sectors and individuals. In order to assess the perceptions and activities related to the climate change, we analyze the data stemming from survey conducted during the last quarter of 2019. Applying latent class cluster analysis to the sample of 368 observations, we were able to identify four types of respondents. These groups differ in the degree of vulnerability to adverse conditions due to climate change. This study sheds light on how different groups of citizens perceive the threat of climate change impacts in their everyday lives and how they act in order to adapt. Such findings can be applied by policymakers at both national and local level when designing and communicating socially just measures reflecting the needs of all major types of citizens. The paper identifies four different groups of residents based on their perceptions of climate change and their activities to adapt. Each group needs to be considered separately when designing adaptation strategy in order not to exacerbate existing socioeconomic inequalities. The findings also point to the need to strengthen municipality's activities in the area of climate change education.

Klíčová slova

climate change, awareness, typologies, adaptation, mitigation


  • ARAOS, M., BERRANG-FORD, L., FORD, J. D., AUSTIN, S. E., BIESBROEK, R., LESNIKOWSKI, A., (2016). Climate change adaptation planning in large cities: A systematic global assessment. Environmental Science & Policy, vol. 66, pp. 375–382. ISSN 14629011. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.06.009.
  • BARNES, A. P., ISLAM, M. M., TOMA, L., (2013). Heterogeneity in climate change risk perception amongst dairy farmers: A latent class clustering analysis. Applied Geography, vol. 41, pp. 105–115. ISSN 01436228. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.03.011.
  • CZARNEK, G., KOSSOWSKA, M., SZWED, P., (2021). Right-wing ideology reduces the effects of education on climate change beliefs in more developed countries. Nature Climate Change, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 9–13. ISSN 1758-678X. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-00930-6.
  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION, (2019). Special Eurobarometer 490—Climate Change. European Union. [online] [cit. 2021-05-19]. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/support/docs/report_2019_en.pdf.
  • GILL, S. E., HANDLEY, J. F., ENNOS, A. R., PAULEIT, S., (2007). Adapting Cities for Climate Change: The Role of the Green Infrastructure. Built Environment, vol. 33, 1, pp. 115–133. ISSN 02637960. DOI: 10.2148/benv.33.1.115.
  • HALLEGATTE, S., LECOCQ, F., PERTHUIS, C., (2011). Designing Climate Change Adaptation Policies: An Economic Framework, Policy Research working paper, no. WPS 5568. World Bank.
  • HOFIERKA, J., GALLAY, M.,, ONAČILLOVÁ, K., (2020). Physically-based land surface temperature modeling in urban areas using a 3-D city model and multispectral satellite data. Urban Climate, vol. 31. ISSN 22120955. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2019.100566.
  • HORNSEY, M. J., HARRIS, E. A., BAIN, P. G., FIELDING, K. S., (2016). Meta-analyses of the determinants and outcomes of belief in climate change. Nature Climate Change, vol. 6, pp. 622–626. ISSN 1758-678X. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2943.
  • KUTHE, A., KELLER, L., KORFGEN, A., STOTTER, H., OBERRAUCH, A., & HOFERL, K.-M. (2019). How many young generations are there? – A typology of teenagers’ climate change awareness in Germany and Austria. The Journal of Environmental Education, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 172–182. ISSN 0095-8964. DOI: 10.1080/00958964.2019.1598927.
  • LEE, T. M., MARKOWITZ, E. M., HOWE, P. D., Ko, C.-Y., LEISEROWITZ, A. A., (2015). Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world. Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1014–1020. ISSN 1758-678X. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2728.
  • MAIBACH, E. (2009). Global Warming’s Six Americas 2009: An Audience Segmentation Analysis. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.28922.90563
  • MAIBACH, E., SMITH, N., ROSER-RENOUF, C., LEISEROWITZ, A., (2011). Global Warming’s Six Americas in May 2011. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.13478.93768.
  • METAG, J., FUCHSLIN, T., SCHAFER, M. S., (2017). Global warming’s five Germanys: A typology of Germans’ views on climate change and patterns of media use and information. Public Understanding of Science (Bristol, England), vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 434–451. ISSN 0963-6625. DOI: 10.1177/0963662515592558.
  • MINISTERSTVO ŽIVOTNÉHO PROSTREDIA, (2018). Stratégia adaptácie Slovenskej republiky na zmenu klímy. [online] [cit. 2021-05-19] Available at: https://www.minzp.sk/files/odbor-politiky-zmeny-klimy/strategia-adaptacie-sr-zmenu-klimy-aktualizacia.pdf.
  • ONAČILLOVÁ, K., GALLAY, M., (2018). Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Surface Urban Heat Island Based on Landsat ETM+ and OLI/TIRS Imagery in the City of Košice, Slovakia. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 395–408. ISSN 1842-4090. DOI: 10.26471/cjees/2018/013/034.
  • REVI, A., SATTERTHWAITE, D., ARAGÓN-DURAND, F., CORFEE-MORLOT, J., KIUNSI, R., PELLING, M., ROBERTS, D., SOLECKI, W., (2014). Urban Areas in Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, pp. 535–612.
  • RHEAD, R., ELLIOT, M., & UPHAM, P., (2018). Using latent class analysis to produce a typology of environmental concern in the UK. Social Science Research, vol. 74, pp. 210–222, ISSN 0049089X. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.06.001.
  • SHALIZI, Z., LECOCQ, F., (2010). To Mitigate or to Adapt: Is that the Question? Observations on an Appropriate Response to the Climate Change Challenge to Development Strategies. The World Bank Research Observer, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 295–321.
  • SMIT, B., BURTON, I., KLEIN, R. J. T., WANDEL, J., (2000). An Anatomy of Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability. Climatic Change, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 223–251. ISSN 01650009. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005661622966.
  • TRNKA, A., (2016). Základné štatistické metódy marketingového výskumu. Fakulta masmediálnej komunikácie, Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda v Trnave. ISBN 978-80-8105-768-7.
  • YALE PROGRAM ON CLIMATE CHANGE COMMUNICATION. (n.d.). Global Warming’s Six Americas. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. [online] [cit. 2021-05-19] Available at: http://climatecommunication.yale.edu/about/projects/global-warmings-six-americas/.