(Teaching) Regional Geography. Proceedings of 27th Central European Conference. 17th October 2019, Brno


Regional Geography of Aid: Subnational Approach to Foreign Aid Allocations in Research and Education

Rok vydání: 2020



Foreign aid allocations have been of interest to researchers in developing economy, development studies, and development geography. Most of the available studies address development issues at countries level rather than at subnational levels within these countries. Researchers model and test the distribution of aid across recipient countries, considering recipient countries as homogenous units. This methodological approach masks an important regional heterogeneity within developing countries; therefore sub-national analyses may significantly contribute to more nuanced understanding of foreign aid. The gap in research arises from the related fact, that there has been a chronic lack of usable project-level data from developing countries. The situation has been changing only slowly over the last few years. This contribution attempts to emphasize the importance of the regional perspective in research of foreign aid allocations and to demonstrate the challenges associated with the geocoding of the Czech Republic's foreign aid projects on the example of students' seminar assignment on Czech foreign aid in Ethiopia.

Klíčová slova

foreign aid, subnational aid, geocoding, Czech Republic, Ethiopia, AidData


Adedokun, A. J. (2017). Foreign Aid, Governance and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Does One Cap Fit All? African Development Review, 29(2), 184–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.12249

Alesina, A., & Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why? Journal of Economic Growth, 5(1), 33–63. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009874203400

Barthel, F., Neumayer, E., Nunnenkamp, P., & Selaya, P. (2014). Competition for Export Markets and the Allocation of Foreign Aid: The Role of Spatial Dependence among Donor Countries. World Development, 64, 350–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.06.009

Benyishay, A., Rotberg, R., Wells, J., Zhonghui, L., Goodman, S., Kovacevic, L., & Runfola, D. (2017). Geocoding Afrobarometer Rounds 1-6: Methodology & Data Quality. Williamsburg, VA: AidData at William & Mary.

Berthelemy, J. C. (2006). Bilateral Donors’ Interest vs. Recipients’ Development Motives in Aid Allocation: Do All Donors Behave the Same? Review of Development Economics 10(2), 179–94. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9361.2006.00311.x

Briggs, R. C. (2014). Aiding and Abetting: Project Aid and Ethnic Politics in Kenya. World Development, 64, 194–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.05.027

Burdík, L., N‘Dua, K.G., Hlavičková, K., & Ševčíková, P. (2019). Rozvojová Spolupráce České Republiky a Etiopie (Seminární práce). Olomouc.

Burnside, C., & Dollar, D. (2000). Aid, Policies, and Growth. The American Economic Review, 90(4), 847–68. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.90.4.847

Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Hodler, R., Parks, B. C., Raschky, P.A., & Tierney, M.K. (2016). Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China’s Foreign Assistance. #3 Revised. Williamsburg, VA. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2900351

Dreher, A., & Fuchs, A. (2015). Rogue Aid? An Empirical Analysis of China’s Aid Allocation. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d’économique, 48(3), 988–1023. https://doi.org/10.1111/caje.12166

Dreher, A., Nunnenkamp, P., & Thiele, R. (2011). Are ‘New’ Donors Different? Comparing the Allocation of Bilateral Aid Between NonDAC and DAC Donor Countries. World Development, 39(11), 1950–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.07.024

Francken, N., Minten, B., & Swinnen, J. F. M. (2012). The Political Economy of Relief Aid Allocation: Evidence from Madagascar. World Development, 40(3), 486–500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.07.007

Harmáček, J., Syrovátka, M., Schlossarek, M., & Pavlík, P. (2016). Measuring Pro-Poor Growth: Analysis of Indicators and their Comparison Applied to Bangladesh. Politická ekonomie, 64(8), 988–1005. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1098

Harmáček, J., Syrovátka, M., & Opršal, Z. (2017). Factors of Czech Aid Selection and Allocation: Panel Probit and Tobit Analysis. Politicka Ekonomie, 65(2), 179–97. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1135

Harrigan, J., & Wang, Ch. (2011). A New Approach to the Allocation of Aid Among Developing Countries: Is the USA Different from the Rest? World Development 39(8), 1281–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.12.011

Hoch, T., Kopeček, V., & Baar, V. (2017). Civil Society and Conflict Transformation in De Facto States. Problems of Post-Communism, 64(6), 329–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10758216.2016.1184982

Isaksson, A. S., & Kotsadam, A. (2018a). Chinese Aid and Local Corruption. Journal of Public Economics, 159, 146–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2018.01.002

Isaksson, A. S., & Kotsadam, A. (2018b). Racing to the Bottom? Chinese Development Projects and Trade Union Involvement in Africa. World Development, 106, 284–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.02.003

Jablonski, R.S. (2014). How Aid Targets Votes: The Impact of Electoral Incentives on Foreign Aid Distribution. World Politics, 66(02), 293–330. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043887114000045

Knack, S. (2004). Does Foreign Aid Promote Democracy?  International Studies Quarterly, 48(1), 251–66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0020-8833.2004.00299.x

Kotsadam, A., Østby, G., Rustad, S.A., Tollefsen, A.F., & Urdal, H. (2018). Foreign aid and Infant Mortality. Micro-Level Evidence from Nigeria. World Development, 105, 59–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.12.022

Lundsgaarde, E., Breunig, Ch., & Prakash, A. (2010). Instrumental Philanthropy: Trade and the Allocation of Foreign Aid. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 43(03), 733–61. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008423910000661

Miller, D.C. (2014). Explaining Global Patterns of International Aid for Linked Biodiversity Conservation and Development. World Development, 59, 341–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.01.004

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs. (2017). Development Cooperation Strategy of the Czech Republic 2018–2030. Prague: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic.

Nunnenkamp, P., Sotirova, A., & Thiele, R. (2016). Do Aid Donors Specialize and Coordinate within Recipient Countries? The Case of Malawi. Development Policy Review, 34(6), 831–49. https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12186

Nunnenkamp, P., Öhler, H., & Andrés, M.S. (2017). Need, Merit and Politics in Multilateral Aid Allocation: A District-Level Analysis of World Bank Projects in India. Review of Development Economics, 21(1), 126–56. https://doi.org/10.1111/rode.12259

Nunnenkamp, P., Rank, M., & Thiele, R. (2015). Aid Fragmentation and Donor Coordination in Uganda: A District-Level Analysis. Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW). https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-55357-7_11

Öhler, H., & Nunnenkamp, P. (2014). Needs-Based Targeting or Favoritism? The Regional Allocation of Multilateral Aid within Recipient Countries. Kyklos, 67(3), 420–46. https://doi.org/10.1111/kykl.12061

Öhler, H. (2013). Do Aid Donors Coordinate Within Recipient Countries? Heidelberg: University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.

Opršal, Z., Harmáček, J., Pavlík, P., & Machar, I. (2018). What Factors can Influence the Expansion of Protected Areas around the World in the Context of International Environmental and Development Goals? Problemy Ekorozwoju, 13(1), 145–157.

Opršal, Z., & Harmáček, J. (2019a). Clean Aid or Dirty Aid? The Environmentalization of Czech Foreign Aid. Journal of Cleaner Production, 224, 167–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.198

Opršal, Z., & Harmáček, J. (2019b). Is Foreign Aid Responsive to Environmental Needs and Performance of Developing Countries? Case Study of the Czech Republic. Sustainability, 11(2), 401. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020401

Opršal, Z., & Nováček, P. (2017). Development Studies and Development Geography in the System of Earth Sciences. In H. Svobodová (Ed.), Useful Geography: Transfer from Research to Practice (pp. 56-64). Brno: Masaryk University.

Opršal, Z., Harmáček, J., & Syrovátka, M. (2017). Geography of Czech Aid: Where and Why Czechia Promotes Development? Geografie, 122(2), 169–189. https://doi.org/10.37040/geografie2017122020169

Powell, J.,  & Findley, M.G. (2012). The Swarm Principle? A Sub-National Spatial Analysis of Donor Coordination in Sub-Saharan Africa. Mimeo.

Strandow, D., Powell, J., Findley, M. &  Nielson, D. (2011). The UCDP and AidData Codebook on Georeferencing Aid. Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala University.

Szent-Iványi, B., & Végh, Z. (2018). Is Transition Experience Enough? The Donor-Side Effectiveness of Czech and Polish Democracy Aid to Georgia. Democratization, 25(4), 614–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2017.1404989

Szent-Iványi, B. (2012). Aid Allocation of the Emerging Central and Eastern European Donors. Journal of International Relations and Development, 15(1), 65–89. https://doi.org/10.1057/jird.2011.19