(Teaching) Regional Geography. Proceedings of 27th Central European Conference. 17th October 2019, BrnoKapitola
Comparison of map reading skills and geographical knowledge of future officers and geography teachersRok vydání: 2020
Map reading is an important skill of the human population which varies from person to person depending on the age, education and many other circumstances. It is expected that some groups of adult population have higher skills in this area. Soldiers, architects, geography teachers and others belong to this group of people. The skills in reading paper maps are disappearing in current digital world. This is also observed in the case of students of the University of Defense in Brno. 228 students were tested in map reading and geographical knowledge of the Czech Republic to verify this fact. The examination of the map reading skills took place over a standard topographic map at a scale of 1 : 25 000 from the production of the Geographic Service of ACR. Testing of geographical knowledge of the Czech Republic was focused on drawing the map of district towns, rivers and geomorphological units of the Czech Republic. The results confirmed the initial assumptions about the decreasing level of these skills. In addition, there were also significant differences between individual groups of students caused mostly because of previous education as well as the currently studied specialization. The same testing was done on students of the Faculty of Education of Masaryk University in Brno to confirm these conclusions. This group of students achieved worse results in map reading, but on the other hand, they have better knowledge of the geography of the Czech Republic.
map reading, geographical knowledge, cartography literacy, university students
Beatty, W. W. (2002). Sex difference in geographical knowledge: Driving experience is not essential. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 8(6), 804–810. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617702860088
Dabbs, J. M., Chang, E., Strong, R. A., & Milun, R. (1998). Spatial Ability, Navigation Strategy, and Geographic Knowledge Among Men and Women. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19(2), 89–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1090-5138(97)00107-4
Kitchin, R. M. (1996). Are There Sex Differences in Geographic Knowledge and Understanding? The Geographical Journal, 162(3), 273–286. https://doi.org/10.2307/3059650
Liao, H., Dong, W., Peng, Ch., & Liu, H. (2017). Exploring differences of visual attention in pedestrian navigation when using 2D maps and 3D geo-browsers. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 44(6), 474–490. https://doi.org/10.1080/15230406.2016.1174886
Metodický portál RVP. (2012). Retrieved from www.rvp.cz
Murakoshi S., & Higashi, H. (2015). Cognitive characteristics of navigational map use by mountaineers. International Journal of Cartography, 1:2, 210–231. https://doi.org/10.1080/23729333.2016.1158490
Pravda, J. (2001). Kartografická gramotnosť, čítanie máp a generovanie poznatkov z máp. Geodetický a kartografický obzor, 47(89), 8–9, 213–216.
Učitelské listy: web o změnách ve vzdělávání. Přírodovědná gramotnost. (2008). Praha: Agentura strom. Retrieved from www.ucitelske-listy.cz/2011/01/prirodovedna-gramotnost_26.html
Rybanský, M., & Svatoňová, H. (2013). Children observe the Digital earth from above: How they read aerial and satellite images. In 8th International Symposium of the Digital Earth (ISDE8), 1-6. Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia: Institute of Physics Publishing (IOP).
Stachoň, Z., Šašinka, Č., Čeněk, J., Štěrba, Z., Angsuesser, S., Fabrikant, S. I., Štampach, R., & Morong, K. (2019). Cross-cultural differences in figure–ground perception of cartographic stimuli. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 46(1), 82–94. https://doi.org/10.1080/15230406.2018.1470575
Svatoňová, H., & Kolejka. J. (2017). Comparative Research of Visual Interpretation of Aerial Images and Topographic Maps for Unskilled Users: Searching for Objects Important for Decision-Making in Crisis Situations. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 6(8), 231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi6080231
Voženílek, V. (2002). Geoinformatic literacy: Indispensability or nonsense? Geografie, 107(4), 371–382. https://doi.org/10.37040/geografie2002107040371