Universal, Regional, National – Ways of the Development of Private International Law in 21st Century



The article covers a topic of an unconditional automatic recognition of foreign judgments within the European Union. Thus far, a different method in case of foreign judgments has been used. Certain regulations of the EU require exequatur and contain grounds for refusal of recognition and in certain regulations both the exequatur and grounds for refusal of recognition have been abolished. First, the paper deals with the principle of mutual trust (what mutual trust is and in what to trust). Subsequently, the article points out the differences between the principle of mutual trust and the principle of mutual recognition. Finally, it discusses the notion of automatic recognition in the context of free movement of judgments within the EU.

Klíčová slova

Mutual Trust; Mutual Recognition; Automatic Recognition; Foreign Judgment; Refusal of Recognition; Public Policy; European Union.


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