XXIV. mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách. Sborník příspěvků

Kapitola

Abstrakt

The aim of the article is to describe the tangible and lasting uneven regional distribution of manufacturing in Italy, as the result of a historical reinforcing process. In doing so, we cite the basic parameters typically applied by the New Economic Geography approach and try to relate some global developments in the Italian history, with the seemingly outright influence of such specific theoretical parameters. The method is merely descriptive and uses a map and some manufacturing statistics for spotlight the actual sectorial distribution of employment as an evidence of the divergent process. For underpinning the analytical interpretation, we consult the previous contribution of some Italian economists and historians setting forth the consolidation of Italian manufacturing expansion and its startling spatial concentration. The descriptive style of the article ends up highlighting the pervasive influence of historical inertia on the regional economic development and the pertinence of New Economic Geography framework for interpreting the uneven distribution of manufacturing across the space.

Klíčová slova

manufacturing distribution, manufacturing industries, economic geography, economic history


Reference

  • DANIELE, V., MALANIMA P., (2007). Il prodotto delle regioni e il divario Nord-Sud in Italia (1861-2004). Rivista di Politica Economica, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 267-316. March-Apr.
  • DANIELE, V., MALANIMA P., (2014). Falling disparities and persisting dualism: Regional development and industrialization in Italy, 1891–2001. Investigaciones de historia económica, 10, no. 3, pp. 165-176. ISSN 1698-6989. DOI: 10.1016/j.ihe.2013.07.001.
  • DANIELE, V., MALANIMA, P., OSTUNI, N., (2018). Unequal Development. Geography and Market Potential in Italian Industrialization. 1871-2001. Papers in Regional Science, vol. 97, no. 3. ISSN 1056-8190. DOI:10.1111/pirs.12275.
  • EUROSTAT, (2021). Eurostat employment. [online]. [cit. 2021-04-09]. Retrieved from: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do.
  • CICCARELLI, C., FENOALTEA, S., (2011). L’industria e l’economia nelle province dell’Italia liberale: tra storia e geografía. Semestrale di Studi e Ricerche di Geografia. DOI: 10.13133/1125-5218.15207.
  • CICCARELLI, C., FENOALTEA S., (2013). Through the magnifying glass: provincial aspects of industrial growth in post-Unification Italy. Bank of Italy Economic History Working Paper, 4, DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2233457.
  • Eurostat, (2017). Manufacturing Employment Italy. [online]. [cit. 2020-04-09]. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Manufacturing_statistics_-_NACE_Rev._2.
  • FEDERICO, G., WOLF, N., (2011). Comparative Advantages in Italy: A Long-run Perspective. Economic History Working Papers 9.
  • FELICE, E., VECCHI, G., (2013). Italy’s Growth and Decline,1861-2011. Research Paper Series, 11(13), no. 293. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2339177.
  • FELICE, E., CARRERAS, A., (2012). When did modernization begin? Italy's industrial growth reconsidered in light of new value-added series, 1911–1951. Explorations in Economic History, vol. 49, no. 4., pp. 443-460. ISSN 0014-4983. DOI: 10.1016/j.eeh.2012.07.004.
  • FENOALTEA, S., (2003). Peeking Backward: Regional Aspects of Industrial Growth in Post-Unification Italy. The Journal of Economic History, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 1059-1102. ISSN 1471-6372. DOI: 10.1017/S0022050703002535.
  • FUJITA, M., KRUGMAN, P., (2004). La nueva geografía económica:pasado, presente y futuro. Investigaciones Regionales - Journal of Regional Research, 4, pp. 177-206. ISSN 1695-7253.
  • KRUGMAN, P, (2008). The Increasing Return Revolution in Trade and Geography [online]. [cit. 2020-12-30]. Retrieved from: https://www.nobelprize.org/uploads/2018/06/krugman_lecture.pdf.
  • KOTÍKOVÁ, M., (2019). Spillover effect indicators at the region level. In 22nd International Colloquium on Regional Sciences. Conference Proceedings. Brno: Masaryk University, pp. 78–84. ISBN 978-80-210-9268-6. DOI: 10.5817/CZ.MUNI.P210-9268-2019-9.
  • MARSHALL, A., (1890). Principles of Economics [online]. [cit. 2020-12-30] Accesible: http://oll.libertyfund.org/.
  • STANÍČKOVÁ, M., (2019). Regional competitiveness index as a suitable tool for evaluating socio-economic situation of the EU NUTS 2 regions. In 22nd International Colloquium on Regional Sciences. Conference Proceedings. Brno: Masaryk University, pp. 28–36. ISBN 978-80-210-9268-6. DOI: 10.5817/CZ.MUNI.P210-9268-2019-3.