XXIV. mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách. Sborník příspěvků



This article aims to recognize the recent trends in the regional specialization according to changes in sectoral employment. The three New Economic Geography’s (NEG) agglomerative forces, namely: low transport cost, economies of scale and relevance of footloose productive factors, have been powerful determinants guiding the location of firms, in spite of policy intervention blatantly activist intended to reverberate artificially the geography of production (such as interventionist measures during the communist regime). Although, the most recent models of geography and trade recognize a bijective interaction between NEG forces and comparative advantages, to fully explain productive specialization. This contribution interprets the trends in the Czech Manufacturing inspired by the tenets of the NEG and the analysis of regional specialization of the Czech Republic in a context of inter-territorial inequalities regarding the distribution of manufacturing activity. Methods are used by application the Kim’s Divergence Index to detect the degree of similarity or not throughout the manufacturing structure, while observing the sectoral specialization of labor. The results of the Index suggest the specific role of each individual region (NUTS2) in a national hierarchy of manufacturing tasks that also shook up the Czech integration into the international production system.

Klíčová slova

New Economic Geography, comparative advantage, industrial agglomeration, productive specialization


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